Romania is situated in the South-Eastern part of Central Europe and shares borders with Hungary to the North-West, Serbia to the South-West, Bulgaria to the South, the Black Sea to the South-East, Ukraine to the North-East and the Republic of Moldova to the East.
Lying at the crossroads of the major routes between the Western and Eastern world, Romania has always played an important geopolitical role for the stability of the whole continent. With a surface area of 238,391 square km, Romania’s geographical size ranks 12th in Europe and 79th in the world. Romania is the ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union, with almost 20 million people living within the country borders.
The capital of Romania is Bucharest, with a population of more than 2 million people.
Authentic, Natural and Cultural are the three words that best describe the country, a place rich in history, arts and scenic beauty.
Romania’s landscape is almost evenly distributed between mountains (31%), hills (33%), and plains (36%). These varied landforms spread rather symmetrically from the Carpathian Mountains, reaching over 2,400 m altitude (maximum altitude - the Moldoveanu Peak of 2,544 m), to the Danube Delta and the Black Sea coast.
The name “Romania” which was first used when the three regions of the country were united in 1859, reflects the influence of ancient Rome on the nation’s language and culture.
The three regions—Walachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania—are relatively culturally uniform. There is a significant Hungarian community in Transylvania (approx. 7% of the Romanian population), which has its own language and traditions. Also, ethnic Roma represent approximately 3.3% of the total population of Romania, according to the 2011 census.